The Red Square is considered the main square not only of Moscow itself, but of Russia as a whole. The Red Square together with the architectural objects located at it has been included into the UNESCO World Heritage list. This is a historical place, the center of city celebrations and most important state events.
The name of the square "red" ("krasnaya") comes from the Russian word for "beautiful" – this is how the medieval citizens saw their square. The Red Square is a pedestrian zone with a total area of about 25000 m2.
At present the following buildings are situated at the Red Square: Lobnoye Mesto – a monument of old Russian architecture, the monument to Minin and Pozharsky (the leaders of the volunteer army of the XVII century), the Mausoleum of Lenin, Pokrovsky Cathedral.